Agricultural Science Project Topics

Attitude of Adolescents towards the Learning of Vocational Skills in Secondary Schools

Attitude of Adolescents towards the Learning of Vocational Skills in Secondary Schools

 

Abstract

The study examined the Attitude of Adolescents towards the learning of vocational skills in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area. Three null hypotheses were formulated in line with the specific objective of the study. The population of the study constituted 6,800 junior secondary school students in the study area. The simple random sampling technique was used to select 160 junior secondary school students for the study. The instrument used for data collection was a researcher made questionnaire titled “Attitude of Adolescents towards the learning of vocational skills questionnaire”. The data collected for the study were analyzed using chi-square (X2) statistics.

The findings indicated that the attitude of adolescents significantly influenced the learning of vocational skills in secondary schools in the study area. It was concluded that adolescents have little or no passion for vocational education. Consequently, it was recommended that adolescents should be encouraged to take on vocational subjects in schools. This could be done by way of educating them on the significance of learning vocational skills for self-reliance.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Purpose of the Study

1.4       Significance of the Study

1.5       Research Question

1.6       Research Hypotheses

1.7       Limitation of the Study

1.8       Delimitation of the Study

1.9       Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Attitude of Adolescents towards the Learning of Practical Agriculture

Attitude of Adolescents towards the Learning of Business Studies

Attitude of Adolescents towards the Learning of Computer Science

Summary of Review of Related Literature

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS

3.1       Area of the Study

3.2       Research Design

3.3       Population of the Study

3.4       Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5       Instrument for Data Collection

3.6       Validation of Instrument

3.7       Reliability of the Instrument

3.8       Method of Data Collection

3.9       Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1       Analysis of Data and Results

4.2       Discussion of Finding

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS

 5.1       Summary

5.2       Recommendation

5.3       Conclusion

References

Appendix

 

Attitude of Adolescents towards the Learning of Vocational Skills in Secondary Schools

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

In Nigeria, secondary school curriculum provides both the academic and prevocational subjects with the overriding objective of inspiring students with a desire for selfemployment and achievement of excellence; and to provide technical knowledge and vocational skills necessary for Agricultural, Industrial, Commercial and Economic development. These goal statements had guided the effort toward the development of new curricula for the secondary education by the Nigeria Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) in prevocational subjects which include Agriculture, Business Studies, Home Economics, Computer Education, Fine Arts, Basic Technology and Music (FRN, 2004:20).

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Thus, the need for vocational skills acquisition among secondary school students cannot be overemphasized. This is because Vocational Education has clearly been portrayed as a form of education that trains people to acquire skills, knowledge and attitude in chosen occupation at all levels. It is a functional and job oriented form of education.

However, vocational education is regarded as education for work. According to Oriafor (2008), vocational education is designed to develop skills abilities, understanding, attitude, work habits and appreciation that confer knowledge needed to enter and make progress in employment on useful and productive bases. Consequently, more than two decades after the implementation of the federal Government new policy on education, Nigeria is yet to take full advantage of this very important sub-sector. According to Aina (2006), the present state of vocational and technical education calls for a drastic and holistic intervention in order to save it from its present state of anomie.

Accordingly, the philosophy behind the introduction of vocational subjects in schools is that the learner may be self-reliant, that he may be employable in the phase of the menace of unemployment problem prevalent in the society, to train different classes of manpower needed to service or man the various technological sectors of the society. It was on this note that the Federal Government of Nigeria entered into bilateral agreement with Government of various developed countries of the world between late seventies and early eighties during which they trained Nigerian youths at the middle level of technical experience in various technical fields in what was popularly referred to as “crash programme”. Products of that programme formed the bulk of the present day technocrats of Nigeria (Apagu and Duhu, 2010).

Students in vocational and technical schools are just in their early adolescent period. A time when  rapid physical, psychological and emotional changes take place in the fledgling students. As they progress, they mature into adult and they become interested in understanding what and who they are. In their values, thinking and plans, they increasingly desire to be independent of their parents from time to time and look up for them for direction. Such students are exposed to variety of school subjects and programmes. Young people face many of life’s most important decisions in those transition years between the school and the working world. Unfortunately, too many students are unaware of their educational and employment options.

More so, the kind of education bequeathed to us by the missionaries and colonialists prepared Nigerians for white collar jobs mainly. The Africans and indeed the Nigerian elites saw education as a means of running away from the otherwise laborious farm work and home making to get white collar jobs, the wrong kind of attitude to manual labor and farming was thus created. Therefore, there is no doubt that this negative disposition among adolescents may hamper the realization of the goals and objectives of vocational education if left unchecked. Thus the need for continuous career/vocational guidance remains imperative.

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1.2     Statement of the Problem

          The need for adolescents to embrace vocational education to make them self-reliant or prepare them for the world of work has been stressed overtime. The mere articulation of prevocational curriculum in junior secondary schools as a means of achieving some of the specific goals identified for secondary education does not ensure the achievement of the purpose. Without the knowledge of students’ attitude and the level of interest in specific areas of the prevocational subjects such as practical Agriculture, the educational process of curriculum implementation may be misdirected or incomplete.

Whenever curriculum goals are implemented, there should be a careful analysis and evaluation to appraise the degree of goal attainment. Without empirical investigation of students’ attitude towards the learning of the vocational skills in vocational subjects as may be differentiated by personal interest, there exists little basis for teachers to develop appropriate motivational and instructional strategies to help students achieve the curriculum expectations of the different career subjects. There is no doubt that failure of the different career subjects in secondary schools to meet the primary objective of training the adolescents to become selfreliant might be connected with adolescents’ attitude towards the learning of vocational skills.

It was against the background of helping teachers realize the attitude of adolescents towards the learning of vocational skills, addressing different students’ vocational needs and ensuring sound and meaningful learning opportunities for every adolescent to explore their career prospect visàvis vocational skills that this study “Attitude of Adolescents towards the learning of vocational skills in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area” was conducted.

 

1.3     Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study was to examine the attitude of adolescents towards the learning of vocational skills in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area.

The specific purposes include:

  1. To examine the attitude of adolescents towards the learning of practical Agriculture as a vocational skill in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area.
  2. To examine the attitude of adolescents towards the learning of Business studies as a vocational skill in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area
  3. To find out the attitude of adolescents towards the learning of computer science as a vocational skill in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area.

 

Attitude of Adolescents towards the Learning of Vocational Skills in Secondary Schools

1.4     Significance of the Study

It is anticipated that the findings of this study will be of immense benefits to all and sundry in the educational sector. Teachers, career/guidance counselors, researchers, students and other stakeholders in the education section in the following ways:

  1. It will reveal the attitude of adolescents and their level of interest in learning vocational skills at the secondary school level.
  2. It will examine the extent to which adolescents’ attitude influence the teaching and learning of prevocational subjects such as practical Agriculture, Business Studies, Home Economics, Computer Science etc at the secondary school level.
  3. It will serve as a springboard and reference material for further researches on adolescent’s attitude towards the learning of vocational skills.
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1.5     Research Questions

The following research questions were raised in line with the specific purpose of the study:

  1. To what extent does the attitude of adolescents influence the learning of practical Agriculture as a vocational skill in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area?
  2. To what extent does the attitude of adolescents influence the learning of Business studies as a vocational skill in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area?
  3. To what extent does the attitude of adolescents influence the learning of computer science as a vocational skill in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area?

 

1.6     Research Hypotheses

The following hypotheses were formulated in line with the specific purpose of the study and the research questions:

  1. The attitude of adolescents has no significant influence on the learning of practical Agriculture as a vocational skill in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area.
  2. The attitude of adolescents does not significantly influence the learning of Business studies as a vocational skill in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area.
  3. The attitude of adolescents does not significantly influence the learning of Computer Science as a vocational skill in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area.

1.7     Limitations of the Study

The major factors that limited the scope of the study include: insufficient fund, time frame for the completion of the research work, scarce empirical findings, unpredicted school strike and the researcher’s academic workload.

1.8     Delimitation of the Study

This study was delimited to attitude of adolescents towards the learning of vocational skills in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area. Analysis was on junior secondary schools students in the study area.

 

1.9     Definition of Terms

The following terms used in the study were conceptualized by the researcher as explained below:

Adolescents: A young person who is growing from childhood to adulthood.

Attitude: The disposition of an individual about or towards a particular thing.

Business Studies: This is a vocational subject that helps students to learn skills for running a business such as managing money, Advertising and employing staff.

Computer Science: This is a vocational and science discipline that studies the scientific and practical approach to computation and its applications.

Learning: A permanent change in behavior as a result of instruction.

Practical Agriculture: This is an aspect of Agriculture that involves the entire learning activities of using hand and tools to carry out the actual farm work in a real life situation rather than teaching theories and concepts.

Vocational skills: The occupational skills which students are taught in schools.

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