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Free and Compulsory Education Policy and Enrolment Pattern in Junior Secondary Schools

Free and Compulsory Education Policy and Enrolment Pattern in Junior Secondary Schools

 

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine free and compulsory education policy and enrolment pattern in junior secondary schools in Ibiono Ibom local government area. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. Survey design was used for this study. The population of this study comprised of (5929) students in ten (10) public secondary schools in the study area. A total of two hundred and fifty (250) junior students were used as a sample size through random sampling technique. 

The questionnaire was the major instrument for the study. Simple percentage was used as a method of data analysis to calculate the responses. The findings revealed among other things that free and compulsory education policy really influence enrolment pattern in junior secondary schools. Finally, it was recommended that seminars and workshops should be conducted for all heads of schools concerning enrolments pattern in junior secondary school so that they could have normal class size to enhance better performance of students.  

  

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page  –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –              

Certification        –       –       –       –       –       –       –      

Dedication –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –      

Acknowledgements     –       –       –       –       –       –      

Abstract     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –      

Table of contents        –               –       –       –       –      

 

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background of the study     –       –       –       –      

1.2    Statement of the problem    –       –       –       –      

1.3    Purpose of the study   –       –       –       –       –      

1.4    Significance of the study     –       –       –       –      

1.5    Research questions –  –       –       –       –       –      

1.6    Limitation of the study –       –       –       –       –      

1.7    Delimitation of the study      –       –       –       –      

1.8    Definition of terms      –       –       –       –       –      

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1    The impact of free an compulsory education policy and enrolment pattern in junior secondary school         –      

2.2    Teachers quality and quantity towards free and compulsory  education in junior secondary schools

2.3    Free and compulsory education policy enrolment pattern in junior secondary schools       –       –      

2.5    Summary of Literature Review      –       –       –      

 

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODS

3.1    Area of the study        –       –       –       –       –      

3.2    Research design         –       –       –       –       –       –      

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3.3    Population of the study       –       –       –       –      

3.4    Sample and sampling technique   –       –       –      

3.5    Instrument for data collection       –       –       –      

3.6    Validity of the Instrument    –       –       –       –      

3.7    Reliability of the Instrument         –       –       –       –      

3.8    Administration of instrument        –       –       –      

3.9    Scoring of Instrument         –       –       –       –       –      

3.10  Method of Data Analysis      –       –       –       –      

 

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1    Data Analysis     –       –       –       –       –       –      

4.2    Discussion of findings –       –       –       –       –      

 

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1    Summary   –       –       –       –       –       –       –      

5.2    Recommendations      –       –       –       –       –      

5.3    Conclusion         –       –       –       –       –       –       –      

        References

        Questionnaire

 

Free and Compulsory Education Policy and Enrolment Pattern in Junior Secondary Schools

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background of the Study

The concept of free and compulsory education is not new in the history of education. Thomas Paine was among the earliest proponent of universal free public education which was considered to be good ideas at the time. During the time United States government introduced free and compulsory education under the banner of free or universal education and eventually extended it across the country. Compulsory education did not meet with serious resistance, but in some cases, government agents forced children to attend schools at gun point (Etuk, 2009).

Government compulsory education is typical funded through compulsory taxes paid by the citizen’s failure to participate in free and compulsory education or to pay compulsory taxes often result in imprisonment of guardians or parents of children who failed to comply with government directives. As pointed out by Gregory (1980) and Thomas (1982), in some cases, it could result in children being separated from their parents and assigned to be with parents by the government.

Free education also sponsored by private individuals through scholarship. Government’s compulsory education especially in countries such as Cuba, where no alternative form of education are allowed and where attempts to supplement or criticize government’s compulsory education is often met with harsh punishment.

In Nigeria, free education first arrived in the West through the instrumentation of Chief Obafemi Awolowo and in Akwa Ibom State by Chief God’swill Akpabio’s administration. Therefore, the issue of free and compulsory education in Akwa Ibom State starting from primary to secondary schools came with the administration of Chief God’swill Akpabio which comes to power on 29 May, 2007.

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By declaring free and compulsory education in Akwa Ibom State for the benefit of all the indigenes, he has made education an inalienable right of the people ranging from primary to secondary school levels with government bearing its cost. This informs its inclusion in the new reform initiative which specifically addressed the need to remove disparities that put the girl-child at a disadvantage position (Ageyegbe, 2000).

The improved awareness of the significant role of education has brought about increase in school enrolment and literacy level among girls particularly in Ibiono Ibom, but disparity remains as issue between boys and girls in the junior secondary schools.

              

1.2    Statement of the Problem

The problem of unequal status of parents an access of children to educational achievement and attainment has created serious problems to both economic, social and political development of Ibiono Ibom local government area and Akwa Ibom State at large, which is the focus of this research. This prompted the government to establish free and compulsory education policy in the area and the entire state, so that every child will have opportunity to obtain basic education.

It is however hope that a programme of free and compulsory education policy has a capacity of changing the behaviour of every Akwa Ibom child. In implementing this policy, one basic question to be asked is, does this policy increase the enrolment pattern in junior secondary schools in Ibiono Ibom local government area? This study therefore desires to find solution to certain mind tasking questions.  

 

1.3    Purpose of the Study

The main aim of this study is to examine free and compulsory education policy and enrolment pattern in junior secondary schools in Ibiono Ibom local government area. The following specific purposes were used:

  1. To examine the impact of free and compulsory education policy and the enrolment pattern in junior secondary school in Ibiono Ibom local government area.
  2. To assess how quality and quantity of teacher’s influence the implementation of free and compulsory education policy in Ibiono Ibom local government area.
  3. To examine whether free and compulsory education policy increase or decreased enrolment pattern in junior secondary school in Ibiono Ibom local government area.

 

Free and Compulsory Education Policy and Enrolment Pattern in Junior Secondary Schools

1.4   Significance of the Study         

  1. The findings from the study will be of immense benefits to the government and teachers as it will help them to understand the importance of free and compulsory education policy.
  2. It will also reveal the extent to which local government areas have taken advantage of this laudable policy to ensure that indigenes of these areas attain basic education.
  3. This study will be of benefits to students as they need to bring about active positive changes and the life of every Akwa Ibom child.
  4. Finally, this study will act as an index for future researchers.
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 1.5   Research Questions

This study will seek to answers the following research questions:

  1. What role does free and compulsory education policy play towards enrolment pattern in Ibiono Ibom local government area?
  2. Does quality and quantity of teachers influence free and compulsory education policy and enrolment pattern in junior secondary schools?
  3. Does free and compulsory education policy increase or decrease enrolment pattern in junior secondary school? 

 

1.6  Limitation of the Study

                In writing a research study like this, certain limitations are bound to occur. This include among others:

  1. The time given for the completion of this study is adequate to make a research like this have a wider scope.
  2. Financial constraint exerted pressure on the study as the researcher scarcely had enough financial resource to enable him expand the scope of the study.

Free and Compulsory Education Policy and Enrolment Pattern in Junior Secondary Schools

1.7   Delimitation of the study

This study focuses on free and compulsory education policy and enrolment pattern in junior secondary schools only in Ibiono Ibom local government area of Akwa Ibom State.

 

Free and Compulsory Education Policy and Enrolment Pattern in Junior Secondary Schools

1.8   Definition of Terms

                For the purpose of this study, the following terms are defined as follows: 

 Teacher: A teacher is a person who teaches, instructs and directs others to know a particular thing and learn.

Free Education: This is an education given or obtained without charges or payment of free of any kind.

Compulsory: Making things mandatory or with force to do.

Basic Education: This is the education which starts from primary level of education to the post-primary level.

Participatory Democracy: This refers to a process which an individual participate actively in the elected government   of the day.

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