Science Project Topics

Job Variables and Job Satisfaction among Secondary School Science Teachers

Job Variables and Job Satisfaction among Secondary School Science Teachers 

 

Abstract

The study sought to investigate job variables and science teachers job satisfaction. The population of the study was all the teachers in the public secondary schools which were Ninety Nine (99).  The sample size for the study consisted of 40 Science teachers selected from 5 public secondary schools in the study area. Three research hypotheses were tested at 0.05 significant level. The design for the study was a survey design, while the method of data collection was a questionnaire as the only instrument. Findings showed that increment in salary, promotion of teachers significantly affect the teachers job satisfaction. Recommendations made were that the government should provide the school with everything needed to make the school conducive for working.

 

Job Variables and Job Satisfaction among Secondary School Science Teachers 

 

Table of Contents

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE –  INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background of the Study

1.2    Statement of the Problem

1.3    Purpose  of the Study

1.4    Research Hypotheses

1.5    Significance of the Study

1.6    Delimitation of the Study

1.7    Limitation of the Study

1.8    Operational Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1    Concept of Job Satisfaction

2.2    Increment of Salary and Teachers

Job Satisfaction

 

2.3    Teachers  Promotion and Job Satisfaction

2.4    Conducive Working Environment and Teachers Job Satisfaction

2.5    Summary of Related Literature

 

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHOD

3.1    Research Design

3.2    Area of the Study

3.3    Population of the Study

3.4    Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5    Instrument for Data Collection

3.6    Validation of Instrument

3.7    Method of Data Collection

3.8    Scoring of Instrument

3.8    Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1    Test of Hypotheses

4.1.1 Research Hypothesis one

4.1.2 Research Hypothesis two

4.1.3 Research Hypothesis three

4.2    Discussion of findings

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1    Summary   of Findings

5.2    Conclusion

5.3    Recommendations

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

One of the major tasks of school teachers is to educate and assist students in their overall development. In  the 21st century, the job of helping students to achieve  success in school and become more productive members of the society becomes challenging. The teachers in our secondary schools play a vital role in the school system, without the teachers, the students will not be found in the school environment.

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Education in Nigeria has been described as a very important tool for the achievement of the National Objectives of the Nation. It is hoped that through education, the country’s  human and materials resources vis-à-vis the technology will be improved. The success of any country’s educational sector depends solely on the teachers’ commitment and dedication to the job that they are employed to do. Therefore, there are various variables that help to make the teacher satisfied in carry out their various duties, these variables that can lead to job satisfaction are numerous. Job satisfaction in this context refers to the extent to which personal wants, both material and psychological are realized by the individual while performing a task.

Job satisfaction involves satisfaction with several specific aspect of a job, such as satisfaction with job itself, the opportunities for promotion, the supervisor and the coworkers. Therefore Job Satisfaction must be derived by workers to make efficiency and achievement of the objectives for which they were employed. People who are satisfied with their jobs are more likely to be hardworking and productive whereas dissatisfied workers may often be less productive, less effective and often resort to strikes to support their demands for improvement in the condition which leads to job satisfaction.

Teaching profession in Nigeria has been described as “low status” occupation – (Bassey, 2013) This low status image has persisted since the Nineteen century but softened considerably in the past decade. During those dark days, the teacher(s) was looked upon with mix feeling and pity.

To be satisfied with a job, certain basic elements such as good conducive working condition, attractive salaries and allowances and other kinds of incentives must be present. Equally, there must be a room and a guide for promotion as at when due, prospect for career development as well as social acceptability by members of the public. All these promote job satisfaction as well as facilitate a smooth realization of the goals of teaching.

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1.2   Statement of the problem

Every individual who is working deserves to be satisfied with his/her job. There are various things that can make every individual to be dissatisfied in the job, such things include lack of motivation, inadequate and prompt payment of Salary and allowances, lack of promotion and it’s entitlement are some of the variables that can lead to job dissatisfaction.

For a teacher to be satisfied, there are various variables that can lead to job satisfaction among these teachers, therefore, the problem of this study is to ascertain the job variables and job satisfaction among science teachers in various secondary schools in Etim Ekpo Local Government Area.

 

Job Variables and Job Satisfaction among Secondary School Science Teachers 

1.3   Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study was to examine various job variables and how they lead to satisfaction among science teachers in secondary school in Etim Ekpo Local government Area. Specially, the study sought:

  1. To ascertain the influence of increment in salary on the teachers job satisfaction in secondary school in Etim Ekpo Local Government Area.
  2. To establish the influence of a conducive working condition on the job satisfaction of science teachers in secondary schools in Etim Ekpo Local Government Area.
  3. To determine the influence of promotion on the teachers job satisfaction in secondary schools in Etim Ekpo Local Government Area.

 

1.4   Research Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant influence of increment in salary on teachers’ job satisfaction in secondary school in Etim Ekpo Local Government Area
  2. There is no significant influence of conducive working environment and teachers job satisfaction in secondary schools in Etim Ekpo Local Government Area.
  3. There is no significant influence of teachers promotion on job satisfaction in     secondary schools in Etim Ekpo Local Government Area.
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1.5   Significance of the Study

The findings of the study will benefit the following set of people

1)     To the government, it will throw light on the various things that they were not aware of which leads to the teachers being dissatisfied with their job.

2)     To the school supervisors, the finding will help them know and understand how to relate with the teachers that is, giving the teachers on enabling environment to excel

3)     The findings of this study will also help the government to know the areas that they are to work to and the teachers in carrying out their duty amicably.

4)     The findings of this study will serve as a reference materials for other researchers who may want to carryout further research in this topic.

  

1.6   Delimitation of the Study

The study was base on all the science teachers in secondary schools in Etim Ekpo Local Government Area.

1.7   Limitation of the Study

The study was limited to only the science teachers and not all the teachers in the study area, this threatened the validity of the study because there are many teachers and it seems the researcher was bias.

Also empirical data on this aspect of research was very scanty and finally insecurity on the part of the respondents in answering the research items given to them

  

Job Variables and Job Satisfaction among Secondary School Science Teachers 

1.8   Operational Definition of Terms

Job Variables: Are those things needed in the job to make them interesting

Job Satisfaction: This is the level of performance of the teachers of science with respect to their job.

Increment in Salary: This simply imply a payment made to the teacher which is a fraction higher than what they use to receive at the end of the working month.

Promotion: This is a step higher than the former position that the teacher have been working, it usually come with an increase in salary or allowance.

Conducive working environment: A good condition or a good place of work that is comfortable for the workers.

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