Science Project Topics

Utilization of Audio-Visual Aids and Students Academic Performance in Integrated Science

Utilization of Audio-Visual Aids and Students Academic Performance in Integrated Science

 

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to determine the effects of audio-visual aids on the academic performance of students in Integrated Science in Ini Local Government Area. Research design was quasi experimental. Two (2) public secondary schools were randomly selected from eight (8) public secondary schools in the area. An intact class of one school was used as experimental group and the other school as control group. A total sample of 100 students was used for the study. Two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study, while data were collected using Integrated Science Performance Test (ISPET) as the instrument.

Results obtained from the analysis using t-test statistics revealed that, hypothesis(1): there is a significant difference in the academic performance of students that are taught integrated science with audio-visual aids and those that are taught integrated science without audio-visual aids. Hypothesis (2): there is no significant difference in the academic performance of male and female students that are taught integrated science with audio-visual aids at P=0.05 level of significant. This implies that, those exposed to audio-visual aids perform magnificently better than those without audio-visual aids.  And it also shows that there is no effect on males and females taught integrated science with audio-visual aids. Following the above findings, it is recommended that, adequate audio-visual aids should be provided in schools by government; parents should ignore the belief of gender disparity among their children; Teachers should be encouraged to improvise instructional materials for effective learning.

 

Utilization of Audio-Visual Aids and Students Academic Performance in Integrated Science
Utilization of Audio-Visual Aids and Students Academic Performance in Integrated Science

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Contents                                                                                 Pages

Title Page              –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        i

Certification           –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        ii

Dedication             –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iii

Acknowledgements         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iv

Abstract                –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        v

Table of Contents  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        vi

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study –        –        –        –        –        –       

1.2     Statement of the Problem         –        –        –        –        –       

1.3     Purpose of the Study       –        –        –        –        –        –       

1.4     Significance of the Study –        –        –        –        –        –       

1.5     Research Questions                  –        –        –        –        –       

1.6     Research Hypotheses      –        –        –        –        –        –       

1.6     Limitation of the Study    –        –        –        –        –        –       

1.7     Delimitation of the Study –        –        –        –        –        –       

1.8     Definition of Terms                   –        –        –        –        –       

 

 CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

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2.1     Concept of Audio-Visual Aids               –        –        –        –       

2.2     The Value of Using Audio-Visual Aids in Integral Science Teaching                                            –        –        –        –       

2.3     Constraints in Procuring and Utilizing Audio-visual Aids

For integrated Science Teaching         –        –        –        –       

 

2.4     Effects of Visual Materials on Gender and Academic

Performance of Students –        –        –        –        –        –          

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Area of the Study                      –        –        –        –        –      

3.2     Research Design                                –        –        –        –       

3.3     Population of the Study             –        –        –        –        –       

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique        –        –        –        –       

3.5     Instrument for Data Collection  –        –        –        –        – 

3.6     Validation of Instrument            –        –        –        –        –    

3.7     Administration of Instrument              –        –        –        –    

3.8     Scoring of the Instrument         –        –        –        –        –      

3.9     Method of Data Analysis  –        –        –        –        –        –       

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSION

OF FINDINGS

 

4.1     Data Analysis and Results                  –        –        –        –       

4.3     Discussion of Findings                        –        –        –        –       

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND  CONCLUSION

 

5.1     Summary                        –        –        –        –        –        –       

5.2     Conclusion                      –        –        –        –        –        –      

5.3     Recommendations –        –        –        –        –        –        –    

5.4     Suggestions for Further Studies          –        –        –        –       

References           

Appendices           

 

Utilization of Audio-Visual Aids and Students Academic Performance in Integrated Science

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background to the Study

A child’s science education really begins in his first year of life and his pre-school science experience constitutes to a large extent the determining factor of his science ability in school (Churchill, 2001).

Ausubel (2005) maintains that every normal child can learn practically everything, if given the right quality of instruction at the appropriate time. A very important variable which has direct bearing on instruction is the amount of instructional materials and resources available to the teacher and students in schools. The art and meaning of learning processes, retentive learning can be greatly enhanced and assisted by understanding that governs meaningful learning.

Osafehinti (2009), argued that children who have been advantaged to being exposed to scientific situation in their immediate surrounding can gain accelerated knowledge of science before reaching the school age. Thus a child’s attitude and motivation to learn science are determined by social and economic factors.

 

Alcorn kinder and Schunert (2002), pointed-out that the amount of materials that can be re-called varies with the sensory stimulation emphasized during the process of learning. Instructional materials that stimulate both the auditory and visual senses simultaneously, without completely relying on either, belong to the group called audio-visuals. They include the television, audio-slide, audio-pictorial, video-tape and audio-transparency presentations among others. Learners can recall 50 percent of what they learn by hearing and seeing at the same time.

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1.2  Statement of the Problem

It has been observed that while Integrated Science remains one of the core science subjects in secondary schools, the performance of students in examinations has not been very impressive. A lot of people have attributed the poor performance of students to a number of factors including the unavailability of instructional material like audio-visual aids.

          It is on this premise that the researcher is motivated to conduct a research on the utilization of audio-visual aids and students academic performance in Integrated Science in secondary schools in Ini Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

1.3  Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study was to assess the utilization of audio-visual aids and students academic performance in Integrated Science in Ini local Government Area.

          Specifically, the study sought to

  1. Compare the academic performance of students taught Integrated Science with audio-visual aids and those taught without.
  2. Compare the academic performance of male and female students taught Integrated Science with audio-visual aids.

 

1.4  Significance of the Study

This research has a vivid significance, most importantly; it will bring to our awareness the relevant infrastructure which has bedeviled the effective Integrated Science teaching and learning.

          Consequently, it will make parents to see the need of providing audio-visual aids like television, computers, videotape at home for use by their children.

          The study shall alert the government on the urgent need to provide these materials to schools for effective implementation of the programme.

  1. It will make teachers to be aware of the place of audio-visual aids and students academic performance in Integrated Science.
  2. It shall also bring to the awareness of the teachers constraints in procuring and utilizing audio-visual aids.
  3. Finally, the school of science, Akwa Ibom State College of Education, Afaha Nsit and other tertiary institutions will derive immense benefits accruing from this study.

          If the recommendations about the re-planning and re-structuring of the training programmes shall be affected from these, institutions will be proficient to face the challenges of Integrated Science teaching in our secondary schools.

 

Utilization of Audio-Visual Aids and Students Academic Performance in Integrated Science

1.5  Research Questions

To facilitate this research, the following research questions were addressed;

          Is there any significant difference in the academic performance of students that are taught Integrated Science with audio-visual aids and those that are taught without audio-visual aids?

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          Is there any significant difference in the academic performance of male and female students that are taught Integrated Science with audio-visual aids?   

1.6  Research Hypothesis

For the purpose of this study the following null hypothesis were postulated to guide the study;

          There is no significant difference in the academic performance of students that are taught Integrated Science with audio-visual aids and those that are taught without audio-visual aids.

          There is no significant difference between the academic performance of male and female students taught Integrated Science with audio-visual aids.

 

Utilization of Audio-Visual Aids and Students Academic Performance in Integrated Science

1.7  Limitation of the Study

In writing a research work of this nature, limitations are bound to occur. They include among others;

Bad Road Networks: means of transportation was inadequate to convey the researcher to school in time as a result of this, the researcher always arrive late in some days which result in limited time for the work to be carried out.

Lack of Interest by The Learners: the students had no interest to what the researcher was teaching and by so doing did give in their best, and as a result of this the number of students who gave in their best interest were not much.

Language: Most students were unable to cope with the common language of the researcher (English language) and as such, they were unable to understand what the researcher was doing.

Inadequate Instructional Material:  The instructional material was inadequate as there was not enough instructional material to be use to carry-out the research.

1.8  Delimitation of the Study

The study only concentrated on the utilization of audio-visual aids and students academic performance in Integrated Science in Ini local government area. For the success of this research the researcher used “reproduction in humans” to carry-out the research which only 100 students from 2 selected secondary schools in the local area to be use. The researcher decided to use and intact class for his research study. The research was subjected to JSS3.

1.9  Definition of Terms

The task of getting universally accepted definition of a particular word or concept is not an easy one. Consequently, the following are taken as the definitions to suit the purpose of this study;

Audio-Visual Aids: They are devices like television, computers video-game, audio-slide, audio-pictorial etc, which appeal to the senses of hearing and sight.

Academic Performance: This means the learning outcome of the learner after he/she is being taught.

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